This article is one of a series I have posted on WordPress, “Connecting with Diverse Communities.” I began the article back in 2012, and have continued to add information.
Pew Research Center produced an insightful report in June, 2012 that everyone should read, The Rise of Asian Americans.
“Asian Americans are the highest-income, best-educated and fastest-growing racial group in the United States. They are more satisfied than the general public with their lives, finances and the direction of the country, and they place more value than other Americans do on marriage, parenthood, hard work and career success, according to a comprehensive new nationwide survey by the Pew Research Center.”
An important precaution is given by Pew Research against approaching Asian Americans as one monolithic group. Similar to other ethnic groups, “Asian Americans trace their roots to any of dozens of countries in the Far East, Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Each country of origin subgroup has its own unique history, culture, language, religious beliefs, economic and demographic traits, social and political values, and pathways into America.”
Asian Americans have strong family values and they believe in the rewards of hard work. Their religious affiliations vary widely. Their educational attainment is higher than the overall U.S. population. Asian Americans are more satisfied than the general public with their financial situations and standard of living.
More Asian Americans favor marriage equality than do not. Overall, they tend to affiliate politically more with the Democratic party than the Republican. The largest Asian groups in terms of their populations are (in order): Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese, Korean and Japanese.
There is not a great deal of information in the report about Asian Americans from a philanthropic standpoint, although in the “Homeownership, Career Success, Altruism and Leisure” section of the study, it is noted:
“When it comes to helping others in need, 28% of Asian Americans say this is one of the most important things in their lives. An additional 44% say this is very important to them but not the most important thing, and 26% say this is somewhat important. Only 2% say this is not important to them. Compared with the general public, Asian Americans are somewhat more likely to place a high priority on helping others in need (20% of all American adults say this is one of the most important things in their lives).”
Nonprofit organizations need to be paying attention to the rise of Asian American communities in the United States, and to their unique characteristics. By taking the time to understand the unique perspective of Asian Americans, the philanthropic sector could make significant headway in terms of seeking and obtaining donations.
On a personal note, our local newspaper in Austin, Texas, the Austin American-Statesman produced a telling article by Marty Toohey, “As Asian American Community Grows, Austin Looks at Diverse Needs” (September 28, 2015). “Between 1990 and 2012 … Asians grew from 3.3 percent of the population to 6.5 percent — making Asians the fastest-growing racial or ethnic segment of the city’s population, and one that will soon exceed the black population, according to City Demographer Ryan Robinson.”
Asian American have long been a part of the Greater Austin community, but we need to better understand and appreciate them, and integrate them more fully into community philanthropy and in solving some of our City’s unique challenges.
- Asian Philanthropy Forum provides insights on a variety of philanthropic tops. Follow this link to access a compilation of articles about Japan.
- Bain & Company produced an insightful study, “India Philanthropy Report 2015” – “The focus of this year’s report is the evolution of philanthropy in India to date and some recommendations for how to sustain and build on its recent momentum. Our report identifies areas for change and offers insights into how stakeholders can address new opportunities.”
- Grace Chung for Forbes, “Asia’s 2018 Heroes Of Philanthropy: Putting Wealth To A Good Cause” (November 12, 2018).
- Christina Larson wrote for Bloomberg Businessweek, “Chinese Nonprofits Survive and Thrive” (June 19, 2013). “In the past, Chinese grassroots groups were almost entirely supported by grants from foreign foundations and governments—such as the Ford Foundation, Open Society Institute, and embassy grants. Funding from overseas remains significant, but in the past few years, a handful of private foundations have arisen in China and begun to support local nonprofits. Last year, China’s central government also announced the launch of a 200 million renminbi ($32.5 million) fund for social initiatives—and it invited nonprofits to submit applications.” You might also enjoy an update about China’s top philanthropists, “The Faces of China’s New Philanthropy” by Katia Savchuk for Forbes (January 27, 2016).
- Juliana Liu for BBC News, “Is philanthropy catching on with China’s super rich?” (June 9, 2017).
- Center for Arab American Philanthropy covers a variety of interesting topics.
- Third Sector Foundation of Turkey provides a number of helpful resources. On a personal note, with one of my college degrees in Middle Eastern Studies, it is important to understand that citizens in countries we broadly label the “Middle East” do not necessarily think alike. Caution advised.
- CivilNet, “Philanthropy in Japan and Asia” (ongoing).
- Regarding Chinese philanthropy, I was inspired by a speech given during the 2011 Charity Channel Summit/Grant Professionals Association in Las Vegas by Bradford K. Smith of The Foundation Center, regarding Asian philanthropists who are creating new foundations, and for whom he has been consulting. Read The Foundation Center’s, “Charity and Philanthropy in Russia, China, India and Brazil.”
- Sucheta Rawal wrote for Khabar, “The Charitable Indian American” (2011).
- McKinsey & Company, “Designing Indian Philanthropy for Impact” (n.d.).
- Zhang Xin wrote for The New York Times, “The Rise of the Chinese Philanthropist” (December 4, 2014). For a more recent update about philanthropy in China, you might enjoy reading, “The Big Winner in China’s Philanthropy Game: Schools” by Eva Dou and Laurie Burkitt, with contributions by Ned Levin, in The Wall Street Journal’s ChinaRealTime section (January 28, 2016).
- Pew Research Center, Key Facts About Asian Americans, a Diverse and Growing Population (September 9, 2017).
- Philanthropy News Digest of The Foundation Center published, “More Needs to Be Done to Boost Philanthropy in China, Report Finds” (June 1, 2016).
- Teresa Watanabe wrote for the Los Angeles Times, “Donors of Chinese descent vastly increase philanthropy, mostly to higher education” (September 6, 2017).
- World Economic Forum posted a map of the most generous nations, and China did not fare quite as well as other nations (October, 2016).
- UBS and LSE India Observatory produced, “Revealing Indian Philanthropy” (2013).
Middle Eastern philanthropists and charities are facing greater challenges in recent months. This article by Philip Rojc for Inside Philanthropy might be of interest, “In a Fearful Moment, This Growing Fund Channels Muslim American Philanthropy” (July 25, 2017).